For International ME/CFS Awareness Day, we would like to announce the official publication of a large metabolomics study from our Center. The work led by Arnaud Germain, PhD, describes results from a longitudinal plasma metabolite study associated with a 2-day cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET). Over 100 individuals, including both females and males, were assayed before and after both days of the 2-day CPET. The article is open access in the journal JCI Insight. The quote below, from this publication, does an excellent job at summarizing the study.
Our longitudinal study design has allowed us to identify a number of pathways that diverge between healthy individuals and those with ME/CFS 24 hours after an exercise challenge, at which time patients typically experience PEM. Inability to recover properly after exertion is one of the most disabling symptoms of ME/CFS. Our study provides insight into the metabolic changes that are inimical to proper response to physical effort.
Organized by the Community Advisory Committee of the NIH ME/CFS Centers Network, Hanson’s overview of the ENID Center is followed by a panel discussion led by Susan Taylor-Brown, a patient advocate for our Center and member of the Network’s Community Advisory Committee. Andrew Grimson (single cell transcriptomics lead), Jessica Maya (immune cell metabolism investigator), and Ludovic Giloteaux (extracellular vesicles investigator) join Hanson and Taylor-Brown for a discussion of our research. Topics such as immune dysfunction, extracellular vesicles, and gene expression are covered in this video.
The Massachusetts ME/CFS & FM Association held their annual meeting on Oct. 23, 2021. The meeting’s title, Advances in Our Understanding of ME/CFS and the Effects of Long COVID, highlights the theme of this event. Dr. Maureen Hanson, Center Director, was invited to speak at this meeting. Hanson’s talk provided a summary of ongoing work at the ENID Center. Mass ME/CFS & FM has uploaded the talks from this meeting to YouTube. You can watch Hanson’s full talk below, and the complete playlist of all talks from the meeting can be found here.
Maureen Hanson, Center Director, and Betsy Keller, Clinical Core Co-lead, presented at the Beyond the Symptoms: The Biology of Fatigue workshop. The workshop was co-sponsored by the NIH Neuroscience Blueprint Research Program and Sleep Research Society, and it took place on September 27-28, 2021. Hanson provide insight into fatigue from the perspective of immune dysfunction in ME/CFS. Keller drew from her experience in exercise physiology to elaborate on post-exertional malaise in ME/CFS.
The International Association for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome / Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (IACFS/ME) held a virtual international scientific conference on August 19-21, 2021. Several members of our Center participated in this meeting by presenting either an oral or a poster presentation. In particular, postdoctoral associates, Arnaud German, Ph.D., and Ludovic Giloteaux, Ph.D., gave oral presentations on the impacts of a two-day CPET on metabolomics and extracellular vesicle proteomics, respectively. John Chia, M.D., gave two presentations on the implications of COVID-19 and enterovirus infections on ME/CFS.
Additionally, Adam O’Neal, Jessica Maya, and Paul Munn, Ph.D. presented posters at the conference. O’Neal presented work from his recent review on the enterovirus theory in ME/CFS. Maya showed recent findings on her immune cell metabolism experiments. Lastly, Munn displayed the progress he has made in creating an integrative database platform for the Center.
If you are interested in watching the oral presentations, recordings can be purchased on the conference website. Note that the recordings will only be available until October 22, 2021. Detailed information, including the full conference schedule, can be found on the conference website.
Published on August 12, 2021, Maureen Hanson wrote an editorial in Frontiers Science News that highlights the enterovirus theory of ME/CFS. Particularly, Hanson emphasizes that, “ME/CFS is neither a rare nor a trivial illness.” She provides insight into the potential link between ME/CFS and a chronic EV infection. This probable link was reviewed in detail in a Frontiers in Medicine June 2021 article by Adam O’Neal and Hanson. Hanson discusses the possibility that SARS viruses may be the second class of RNA viruses to cause a chronic illness, given the existence of “long COVID.”
This methodologically focused review covers aspects of ME/CFS pathophysiology that are consistent with chronic enterovirus infection outcomes and then closely examines the technology used in in past ME/CFS publications to determine how rigorously the enterovirus theory of disease etiology has been investigated.
For the ME International Awareness Day, Director Maureen Hanson is providing a Pecha Kucha on ME/CFS. This is a short video presentation in which 20 slides are presented, automatically changing every 20 seconds. This format has been developed to convey information quickly in a visual manner (see https://www.pechakucha.com/ for more information).
Jessica Maya, a graduate student in the Genetics, Genomics, and Development Program at Cornell University in Maureen Hanson’s lab, talks about ME/CFS, the immune system response, and the fuels that energize immune cells to properly defend the body. This talk was adapted from Cornell University’s 3 Minute Thesis Finalists Round Competition, where she was tasked to explain her thesis work in under 3 minutes in an engaging form that could be understood by an intelligent audience with no background in the research area.
We are proud to announce our latest plasma proteomics publication is available as open access in Proteomes.
This manuscript takes a look at 4,790 circulating plasma proteins from 20 ME/CFS women compared to 20 healthy women, over an unprecedented range, for ME/CFS, of 9 orders of magnitude.
Pathway analysis uncovered disrupted cell-to-cell communication, specifically in the ephrin-Eph signaling pathway. This pathway is crucial for many aspects of our body’s homeostasis, including development, physiology, and disease regulation.
Additionally, the paper outlines promising results for the development of a diagnostic test using protein ratios.
First author, Arnaud Germain, PhD, outlines these findings in a video abstract below.
Chinese, French, and Spanish subtitles for the video abstract are available. See video settings to select an option.